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USPTO Terms of Art — T to TOG

Glossary of USPTO Terms of Art

| A | B | C-CL | CM-CZ | D-DIM | DIM-DZ | E | F | G | H | I | J-K | L | M-MET | MET-MZ | N | O | P-PHA | PHE-PON | POR-PZ | Q | R | S-SEPA | SEPO-SMT | SN-STEM | STEP-SZ | T-TOG | TON-TZ | U | V | W | X-Z |

TAB (CLASS 400)
A tab is an abbreviated form of the term "tabular", which term refers to a columnar arrangement of character* symbols on a page* of text. A "column" of text is formed by imprinting a particular symbol on one print-line* and subsequently imprinting the same or another particular symbol on another print-line directly below the first print-line (i.e., equally spaced from one of the side edges of the record-medium*), and repeating the typing until a plurality of print-lines have been formed, all of which are in vertical array. The particular symbol may be the first letter of the first word* in each of the successively imprinted print-lines, and two or more columns are usually arranged in such a "column-set" arrangement, each of the columns being arrayed at a preset distance from an edge of the record-medium. The particular symbol may be the decimal point or the "units" digit of a set of numeral digits representing a number; this arrangement is termed "denominational". The terms "column" and "tabular" are also discussed in (1) Note and (2) Note to subclass 284, the term "denominational" is also discussed in (1) Note to subclass 285, and the term column set is discussed in (3) Note to subclass 284 and defined in subclass 285.1. It should also be noted that, in some disclosures, the term "tab" has been used as an abbreviation of an element which is better known as a "tab-stop" element and is discussed in this Glossary under tab-rack*.

TAB (CLASS 438)
tape automated bonding

TAB-RACK (CLASS 400)
A component of the carriage* mechanism that causes stopping of the carriage in any of selected tabular (see tab* in this Glossary) positions. A tab-rack is an elongated member extending parallel to the direction of carriage movement and having a length substantially the same as the extent of carriage movement. On the tab-rack a plurality of "tab-stop" elements are mounted, each of said elements being movable transversely of the length of the tab-rack form a "clear" position at which the element is passive to a "set" position at which the element is able to cooperate with a "counter-stop" element. In operation, relative movement between the tab-rack and the counter stop is effected in the lengthwise direction of the tab-rack until a set tab stop abuts against the counter stop. Usually the tab-rack is connected to the carriage and its tab stop abuts a stationary counter stop, thereby stopping the carriage. The same result may be achieved by mounting the counter stop on the carriage and abutting the counter stop against a set tab stop on a stationary tab-rack, thereby stopping the carriage. A plurality of counter stops may be provided, one of which counter stops may be set to stop the carriage in a preset column or denominational position. A typewriter capable of tabular operation is provided with at least three key* elements for regulating the operation. One of the keys, labelled "set" (or a variant thereof) is depressed by the typist to move a selected tab-stop element from its passive position to its set position on the tab-rack. Another key, labelled "tab" (or a variant thereof), or unlabeled but having a distinctive shape, is depressed by the typist to concurrently (a) release the carriage from its normal carriage-feed mechanism to enable unrestrained movement of the carriage, and (b) set a counter stop into a position where it will abut against the set tab stop when the counter stop and tab stop engage one another, whereby the movement of the carriage will be stopped in the tabular position. A third key, labelled "clear" (or a variant thereof), is depressed by the typist to move any of the previously set tab stops back to its passive position on the type-rack.

TAILINGS (CLASS 460)
The material consisting of unthreshed heads and all trash that is too coarse to fall through the sieves. Unthreshed heads are sometimes returned to the threshing section for second threshing.

TAMP (CLASS 425)
To compact by a series of blows and thereby eliminate air pockets or other voids.

TAP (CLASS 725)
In broadband networks, a passive device in the feeder system that provides a connection between the drop cable and the feeder. The tap is the principle means of access to the cable system by the user. It removes a portion of the signal power from the distribution line and delivers it to the drop line. The amount of power tapped off the main line depends on the input power to the tap and the attenuation value of the tap. Only the information signal (and not 60 Hz power) goes to the outlet ports.

TAPERED LONG LINE (CLASS 333)
A long line having a physical dimension which changes progressively in the direction of wave propagation along the line.

TARGET (CLASS 313)
In an X-ray tube, cathode-ray tube, or other beam type discharge device, the anode or the member against which the principal electron or ion stream impinges. See the definition of anode above.

TARGET (CLASS 376)
The substance which is subjected bombardment by particles of photons of high energy in order to produce nuclear reactions therein.

TASK (CLASS 709)
A standalone application or a subprogram that is run as an independent entity.

TASK (CLASS 718)
A standalone application or a subprogram that is run as an independent entity.

TASK (CLASS 719)
A standalone application or a subprogram that is run as an independent entity.

TAT (CLASS 438)
turn around time

TAXONOMY (CLASS 707)
An organization of objects or concepts to support the classification of the objects or concepts. The objects or concepts are normally related to each other through hierarchical relationships. See also Concept-Relation-Concept Triples, Ontology and Semantic Network.

TBCO (CLASS 438)
thallium bismuth copper oxide (a HTSC)

TBES (CLASS 438)
tritertiarybutoxyethoxysilane

TCE (CLASS 438)
trichloroethylene

TCM (CLASS 438)
thermal conduction module

TCO (CLASS 438)
transparent conductive oxide

TDDB (CLASS 438)
time dependent dielectric breakdown

TEAR TAB (CLASS 413)
The metal torn when the pull tab is activated.

TEC (CLASS 438)
thermoelectric cooler

TED (CLASS 438)
transient enhanced diffusion

TEEMING (CLASS 164)
Pouring metal into a mold.

TEEMING (CLASS 425)
See Casting.

TEG (CLASS 438)
(a) triethylgallium or (b) test element group

TELECOMMUNICATIONS (CLASS 455)
All types of communications systems in which electric or electromagnetic signals are used to transmit modulated carrier wave information between points. The transmission media is via radio wave generally of a frequency above human speech, yet at a frequency lower than infrared frequencies. Radiotelephonic communication via wireless link is included in this class.

TELEDYNAMICS (CLASS 342)
The transmission of signal energy for the control of apparatus or mechanisms, at a distance.

TELEGRAPHY (CLASS 342)
The transmission to a distance of signals, unlimited with respect to the extent of the message communicated, by the utilization of energy, the elements of the message being selected or composed at will according to a prearranged code.

TELEGRAPHY (CLASS 343)
The transmission to a distance of signals, unlimited with respect to the extent of the message communicated, by the utilization of energy, the elements of the message being selected or composed at will according to a prearranged code.

TELEPHONE (CLASS 379)
An instrument, known as a user terminal set, containing an audio reproducer, and a speech-to-electricity transducer. An obsolete usage of this term (telephone) is broad enough to include a microphone or reproducer; however, a microphone or reproducer, per se, is classified in Class 381.

TELEPHONY (CLASS 342)
The conversion of spoken or sound waves into energy which is transmitted a distance and reconverted into sound waves for reproduction of the speech or sounds.

TELEPHONY (CLASS 343)
The conversion of spoken or sound waves into energy which is transmitted a distance and reconverted into sound waves for reproduction of the speech or sounds.

TELETEXT (CLASS 725)
A form of videotex that allows users to receive textual or pictorial material via broadcast signals interpreted by a spatial decoder attached to a television set. Contrast: Viewdata.

TEM (CLASS 438)
transmission electron spectroscopy

TEMPER (CLASS 065)
See Subclass References to the Current Class, above, for a subclass reference to the term "temper."

TEMPERATURE (CLASS 374)
A quantitative measure of the ability of a substance to transmit or receive heat energy.

TEMPERING (CLASS 148)
Involves the heating of previously quenched or normalized metal alloy to an elevated temperature, and then cooling under suitable conditions to obtain the desired mechanical properties.

TEMPLATE (CLASS 425)
A pattern used as a guide to the form of a piece being made.

TEMPLES (CLASS 351)
The parts of a spectacle which are secured to the end of lenses or the frame and maintain the glasses on the user's head.

TEMPORAL CONTENT (CLASS 348)
The content of the image is changed with respect to time.

TENDON (CLASS 052)
A tensioned strandlike component of a unit which places the principal part of the unit under compression.

TEOS (CLASS 438)
tetraethylorthosilane

TERMINAL (CLASS 338)
One of the resistance terminals unless otherwise indicated.

TERMINAL (CLASS 406)
Structure at or adjacent the outlet or inlet of a fluid current conveyor for either (a) effecting intake or discharge or load articles individually into or from the conveyor, or (b) for accepting load articles as they are discharged individually from the conveyor.

TERMINAL (CLASS 902)
A component* of a system* designed for interaction with a user*, having both input means for receiving data from the user and output means for transmitting data to the user. A terminal is often combined with one or more peripheral* devices to form a structural unit.

TERMINAL IMAGE (CLASS 359)
The last image formed by a compound system.

TERNARY COMPOUND (CLASS 423)
A chemical compound consisting of 3 elements only, such as NaOH, H2SO4, KCN, etc.

TEST MEDIA (CLASS 435)
Distinguished from (propagation) media by the presence of an indicator, e.g., chromophore, etc.

TEST PROBES (CLASS 257)
Mechanical points of contact used for electrical measurement.

TEXTILE (CLASS 428)
A fabric* which, for purposes of the class is considered to be cloth*. See Class 442, class definition. (Structural)

TEXTILE MATERIAL (CLASS 008)
As employed in this classification is limited to organic fibrous and filamentous materials, and mixed materials including same as a definite component part thereof and not in the popular sense to include all materials, e.g., it does not include asbestos and glass fibers adapted to be felted, woven or knitted not glass fiber fabric. In the dyeing subclasses (400-696) paper has been grouped with the textile materials.

TFR (CLASS 438)
thin film resistor

TFT (CLASS 438)
thin film transistor

TGZM (CLASS 438)
temperature gradient zone melting

TH (CLASS 438)
through-hole

THEME (CLASS 725)
A subject or topic of artistic representation.

THERMAL (CLASS 374)
Related to heat or temperature.

THERMAL CHARACTERISTIC (CLASS 374)
A property of matter related to heat or temperature.

THERMAL MEASUREMENT OR TEST (CLASS 374)
A determination of a thermal quantity, or a determination of a quantity made under a controlled thermal condition.

THERMAL NEUTRONS (CLASS 376)
As the energy of any substance has a temperature factor, that of the prevailing temperature is termed thermal energy, and when neutrons reach equilibrium with the moderator they are called thermal neutrons. Their most probable energy is about 0.025 ev; or the speed of a gas molecule at room temperature. It is this type of neutron that can best enter the nucleus of a fissionable atom and remain there long enough to excite the atom to the breaking point, attaining fission. Two other categories of neutrons are intermediate and fast. Fast neutrons are those resulting from fission that have lost relatively little of their energy by collision, etc.; having energies exceeding 0.1 Mev. Intermediate neutrons have energies lying between thermal and fast neutrons.

THERMAL PARAMETER (CLASS 374)
Heat, temperature, or a thermodynamic quantity related thereto.

THERMALLY RESPONSIVE IMPEDANCE (CLASS 330)
An impedance element whose impedance value is responsive to the temperature changes therein by reason of the heat generated by the current flow therethrough, or the ambient temperature of the impedance element, or whose impedance value may be changed by separate electrical control means or other heat control means.

THERMIC COMPONENT: (CLASS 149)
(See explosive component) is similar to an explosive component as defined above except that the component may not react quite with the speed or power of an explosive and includes such compositions or components thereof as "Thermite", pyrotechnic, incendiary, fuse, match, smoke, or those compositions or components thereof which react or are capable of reacting to yield usable quantities of heat with or without desired chemical products.

THERMIONIC CATHODE (CLASS 313)
A cathode designed to operate at an elevated temperature. The expression, "thermionic cathode" includes directly heated cathodes, indirectly heated cathodes, and also cathodes which are designed to be heated by ionic bombardment to the electron emitting temperature.

THERMISTOR (CLASS 257)
A semiconductor device whose electrical resistance varies with temperature. Its temperature coefficient of resistance is high, nonlinear, and usually negative.

THERMISTOR (CLASS 438)
A thermoelectric device whose electrical resistance varies with temperature. Its temperature coefficient of resistance is high, nonlinear, and usually negative.

THERMOLYTIC DISTILLATION (CLASS 201)
A distillation in which material found in the distilland undergoes chemical decomposition (thermolysis) to form different substances at least some of which are volatile at the temperature employed. The volatile substances are recovered by condensation or sorption.

THERMOLYTIC DISTILLATION (CLASS 203)
A distillation in which material found in the distilland undergoes chemical decomposition (thermolysis) to form different substances at least some of which are volatile at the temperature employed. The volatile substances are recovered by condensation or sorption.

THERMONUCLEAR (FUSION) REACTORS (CLASS 376)
Apparatus in which fusion reactions occur primarily as the result of random collisions within the apparatus between gas particles having a Maxwellian distribution of velocities about some average temperature. It is implied that such reactions are not the result of accelerating one particle into another. While it is also implied that a high average gas temperature is sought for to attain a high thermonuclear reaction rate, nothing is implied as to the attainment of any minimum temperature.

THERMONUCLEAR FUEL (CLASS 376)
See Nuclear Fuel.

THICK-FILM DEVICES (CLASS 257)
Printed thin-film circuits. Silk screen printing techniques are used to make the desired circuit patterns on a ceramic substrate. Active devices may be added thereto as separate devices (see HYBRID CIRCUIT).

THICK-FILM DEVICES (CLASS 438)
Printed thin-film circuits. Silk screen printing techniques are used to make the desired circuit patterns on a ceramic substrate. Active devices may be added thereto as separate devices (see HYBRID CIRCUIT).

THIN FILM (CLASS 372)
A film of optically transparent material, usually deposited by sputtering or evaporation, that may be made in a pattern on a substrate or used as insulation between successive layers of components, and generally on the order of a few wavelengths thick.

THIN FILM WAVEGUIDE (CLASS 372)
A thin dielectric guide film of high refractive index formed adjacent to a substrate or support region of lower refractive index. The thin film relies upon modal transmission to transmit light along its length. Light enters one end of the thin film where it is processed (e.g., modulated or switched) and emerges from the opposite end.

THIN-FILM (CLASS 438)
A material on a substrate with a thickness not greater than 10 microns and uniformity within 20% of it'S average value (Grant and Hackh'S Chemical Dictionary, 5th Edition, edited by Roger & Claire Grant, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1987, page 235).

THIN-FILM DEVICES (CLASS 257)
solid-state electronic devices which are constructed by depositing films of conducting material on the surface of electrically insulating bases.

THIN-FILM DEVICES (CLASS 438)
Solid-state electronic devices which are constructed by depositing films of conducting material on the surface of electrically insulating bases.

THREAD (CLASS 709)
A path of processing execution within a larger process or program.

THREAD (CLASS 718)
A path of processing execution within a larger process or program.

THREAD (CLASS 719)
A path of processing execution within a larger process or program.

THREE OR MORE ELECTRODE DISCHARGE DEVICES (CLASS 313)
Any discharge device having three or more electrodes whether all of the electrodes have lead-wires for connection to the supply circuit or not. In some of the three or more electrode discharge devices, the electrodes are arranged with one or more electrodes disposed in the interelectrode space or in the discharge path between two other electrodes, and have only the outer electrodes provided with lead-wires for connecting to the supply circuit, the discharge passing from the outer electrodes to the interposed electrode so that the discharge device has a plurality of series connected discharge spaces.

THREE OR MORE TERMINAL SEMICONDUCTIVE DEVICES (CLASS 323)
A transistor, semiconductor-controlled rectifier or other such controllable solid-state device.

THRESHED (CLASS 460)
The operation in which the grain is removed from the straw, the seed is removed from the seed head, the kernel is removed from the corn cob, or the bean is removed from the pod by a cylinder or rotor usually working against a curved, grated concave.

THRESHOLD VOLTAGE (CLASS 257)
The voltage at which a pn junction begins to conduct current.

THROUGH-FLOW OR SERIES CONNECTED TYPE (CLASS 239)
A species of terminal member but of special merit and therefore placed above in the order of superiority comprising a plurality of terminal outlet members connected end-to-end so that fluid may flow through them successively or a coupling member having a side outlet means supporting and communicating with an adjacent terminal outlet means in addition to a downstream fluid connection. At this level the terminal member itself will comprise lesser fluid elements. The series connected is regarded at a level above mere individual outlets, nozzles, or unitary plural outlet means.

THROUGH-HOLE MOUNTING (CLASS 257)
The electrical and physical connection of components to the surface of a conductive pattern using drilled and plated holes through the conductive and insulating layers of a printed circuit board.

THYRISTOR (CLASS 257)
A four layer p-n-p-n bistable switching device that changes from an off or blocking state to an on or conducting state which uses both electron and hole type carrier transport.

THYRISTOR (CLASS 363)
A bistable device comprising three or more junctions. At least one of the junctions can switch between reverse and forward-voltage polarity within a single quadrant of the anode-to-cathode voltage-current characteristics. Used in a generic sense to include silicon controlled rectifiers and gate-control switches as well as multilayer two- terminal devices.

THYRISTOR (CLASS 438)
A four layer p-n-p-n bistable switching device that changes from an off or blocking state to an on or conducting state which uses both electron and hole-type carrier transport.

TIBA (CLASS 438)
triisobutylaluminum

TIE PIECE (CLASS 410)
The anchor part which directly engages the end of a flaccid material member to secure that end at an anchor location whereby to define the point from which the member diverges from the freight carrier surface. The term is used in the context of bi-partite construction in that the tie piece is an add-on (e.g., welded on) part, the other part of the anchor being the mounting for freight carrier attachment. Commonly, the mounting is a one-piece member shaped or otherwise so constructed or arranged on a freight carrier as to define an array of anchor locations, at one or more of which the add-on tie piece is attached. See Subclass References To The Current Class, above.

TIEDOWN (CLASS 410)
A load lashing retainer which diverges from the freight carrier surface whereat it is attached and extends and terminates at the point or localized area of attachment to the load units.

TILE (CLASS 052)
A thin, relatively rigid module which when applied repetitiously in edge-to-edge relationship to a backing surface forms an exposed facing

TISSUE (CLASS 426)
Material containing a certain amount of the original animal or plant as against an extract which is considered to be devoid of original cellular structure. Included within the term are materials which are chopped, cut, comminuted, pulverized, milled, slice, etc.

TLTR (CLASS 438)
transmission line tap resistor (test structure)

TMA (CLASS 438)
(a) trimethylaluminum or (b) trimethylantimony

TMAH (CLASS 438)
tetramethyl ammoniumhydroxide

TMAT (CLASS 438)
tetramethylamidotitanium

TMB (CLASS 438)
tetramethylborate

TMCTS (CLASS 438)
tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane

TMG (CLASS 438)
trimethylgallium

TMOS (CLASS 438)
tetramethyloxysilane

TMP (CLASS 438)
trimethylphosphine

TMS (CLASS 438)
tetramethylsilane

TMT (CLASS 438)
tetramethyltin

TOFER (CLASS 438)
topos:graphic feature enhancement by RIE

TOGGLE (CLASS 269)
A linkage including at least two links, pitmans, bars or struts, and at least three pivots, the end of one link being connected to the end of the other link by a pivot common to both links, each of said links also having a pivot at the end remote from the common pivot, which common or intermediate pivot is movable from a position not in a straight line with the other two pivots, to a position substantially in line by a force applied to the intermediate pivot in a direction substantially normal to one of the links, thereby moving at least one of the two pivots away from the other. At least one of said links is articulated at both ends and is not integral with either a jaw or handle.

TOGGLE-LINKAGE (CLASS 400)
An assemblage of at least two links, pitmans, bars, or struts and at least three pivots, an end of one link being connected to an end of the other link by a pivot that is common to both links. Each of the links also has a pivot at the end remote from the common pivot, which common or intermediate pivot is movable from a first (or "broken") position at which the common pivot is not in line with the other two pivots to a second (or "straightened") position at which the common pivot is substantially in line with the other two pivots, or which common pivot is movable from said second position to said first position. Such movement is accomplished by a force applied to the common pivot in a direction approximately at right angles to either link, thereby moving the remote pivots relatively away from each other (i.e., when the common pivot moves to the second position) or relatively toward each other (i.e., when the common pivot moves to the first position).

| A | B | C-CL | CM-CZ | D-DIM | DIM-DZ | E | F | G | H | I | J-K | L | M-MET | MET-MZ | N | O | P-PHA | PHE-PON | POR-PZ | Q | R | S-SEPA | SEPO-SMT | SN-STEM | STEP-SZ | T-TOG | TON-TZ | U | V | W | X-Z |

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