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USPTO Terms of Art — O

Glossary of USPTO Terms of Art

| A | B | C-CL | CM-CZ | D-DIM | DIM-DZ | E | F | G | H | I | J-K | L | M-MET | MET-MZ | N | O | P-PHA | PHE-PON | POR-PZ | Q | R | S-SEPA | SEPO-SMT | SN-STEM | STEP-SZ | T-TOG | TON-TZ | U | V | W | X-Z |

OBG (CLASS 438)
optical band gap

OBJECT (CLASS 250)
A material subjected to radiation for treatment or whose response to or effect on the radiation is used to indicate something about the material.

OBJECT (CLASS 353)
The object is the subject, the image of which is to be projected (see definition of image).

OBJECT (CLASS 709)
A variable comprising routines and data that is treated as a discrete entity.

OBJECT (CLASS 718)
A variable comprising routines and data that is treated as a discrete entity.

OBJECT (CLASS 719)
A variable comprising routines and data that is treated as a discrete entity.

OBJECT (or SUBJECT) (CLASS 396)
An object or a subject refers to a person or thing within the scene to be recorded on a photographic medium.

OBJECT HOLDER (CLASS 353)
Structure for holding the object in the projecting position, as well as for moving the object in and out of such position. Examples are slide transfer mechanisms and film holders.

OBJECT OR ANALYTE (CLASS 378)
A material subjected to X-radiation for treatment or whose response to or effect on the X-radiation is used to indicate something about the material.

OBJECTIVE (CLASS 396)
An objective is a lens that normally faces the object. See Class 359 for a more specific definition.

ODE (CLASS 438)
orientation dependent etching

OED (CLASS 438)
oxidation enhanced diffusion

OEIC (CLASS 438)
optoelectronic integrated circuit

OF (CLASS 438)
orientation flat

OIL (CLASS 210)
Organic material of slick or slippery feel including long chain hydrocarbons esters of higher fatty acid and derived from petroleum, fats, greases, and oils of animal or vegetable origin.

OIL (CLASS 428)
See natural oil, gum, rosin or lac, above. (Nonstructural or Composition)

OISF (CLASS 438)
oxidation induced stacking fault

OLEOPHILIC (CLASS 210)
Oil attractive or wettable by oil.

OLEOPHOBIC (CLASS 210)
Oil repelling.

OMCT (CLASS 438)
octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane

OMCVD (CLASS 117)
Metal-Organic CVD*.

OMCVD (CLASS 438)
organometallic CVD

OMVPE (CLASS 438)
organometallic VPE

ONE-HOLE-CODE (CLASS 234)
A system of single-hole symbols each distinguished only by its position with respect to a datum line.

ONE-STROKE-STORAGE (CLASS 234)
Usually a misnomer, denoting merely a one-cyle delay in the actuation of selected tools. (See subclass 91 for examples; also cf. Storage*).

ONE-WAY BRAKE (CLASS 475)
A brake* which automatically engages to stop a rotating part when the rotating part attempts to rotate in a first direction, but which permits rotation of the rotating part in a direction opposite to said first direction.

ONE-WAY CLUTCH (CLASS 475)
A clutch* which automatically couples two rotatable parts together for joint rotation when a first of said parts rotates in a first direction, but which automatically uncouples said parts when the first of said parts rotates in a direction opposite to said first direction, or uncouples said parts when the second part rotates faster than the first part.

ONLINE ANALYTICAL PROCESSING (OLAP) (CLASS 707)
Software tool that provides fast analysis and reporting typically used in the data processing of data warehouse data, called data mining.

ONTOLOGY (CLASS 707)
A formal representation of a set of objects or concepts and the relationships between those objects or concepts, within a specific domain. Also included could be collections and attributes. In essence, an ontology is a model of the specified domain, in as much or little detail as desired. See also Concept-Relation-Concept Triples, Semantic Network and Taxonomy.

OPEN LOOP CONTROL (CLASS 388)
A method of control in which the power input to a motor is varied so as to achieve a desired running condition (e.g., constant running speed) without the use of feedback.

OPEN SEPARATOR (CLASS 171)
A device which is provided with spaced portions having openings therebetween in which the spaced portions are adapted to retain all objects above a predetermined particle size while finer material passes through the openings.

OPERATING SYSTEM (CLASS 709)
Software responsible for controlling the allocation and usage of hardware resources such as memory, central processing unit (CPU) time, disk space, and peripheral devices. The operating system is the foundation on which applications programs (e.g., word processing, spreadsheets) are built.

OPERATING SYSTEM (CLASS 713)
Software responsible for controlling the allocation and usage of hardware resources such as memory, central processing unit (CPU) time, disk space, and peripheral devices. The operating system is the foundation on which application programs are built.

OPERATING SYSTEM (CLASS 718)
Software responsible for controlling the allocation and usage of hardware resources such as memory, central processing unit (CPU) time, disk space, and peripheral devices. The operating system is the foundation on which applications programs (e.g., word processing, spreadsheets) are built.

OPERATING SYSTEM (CLASS 719)
Software responsible for controlling the allocation and usage of hardware resources such as memory, central processing unit (CPU) time, disk space, and peripheral devices. The operating system is the foundation on which applications programs (e.g., word processing, spreadsheets) are built.

OPERATION (CLASS 226)
(n) A performing of work or a doing of an act. Exemplary operations are: cutting, recording, viewing, dyeing.

OPERATOR (CLASS 049)
A manipulatable mechanical means, movable relative to the closure, for imparting movement to the closure relative to its mounting means, in its opening or closing movement. A mere spring which effects the movement of the closure, for example, by utilizing the stored energy to return the closure to starting position, is not included within the meaning of this term.

OPERATOR* (CLASS 024)
A manipulable mechanical means which contacts and moves with respect to a shiftable portion of a fastener mechanism to reposition or transmit an input force to the shiftable portion. A mere spring which effects the movement of the parts of the fastener mechanism, for example, by utilizing stored energy to return its parts to a starting position, is not included in the meaning of this term.

OPTHALMIC LENSES (CLASS 351)
Lenses usually mounted in spectacle frames, in eyeglass mountings or in trial frames having cylindrical, spherical or prismatic power for testing or correcting visual deficiencies of the eye. These lenses cooperate with the refracting medium of the eye to form on the retina a clear image of the object viewed, or in strabismus to modify the imbalanced visual axis of the eye to make the eye gradually resume normal status to correctly superimpose deviated images. The lenses may be spherical (plus or minus) to correct for fairly simple defective near or far sightedness, or they may be cylindrical to correct for astigmatism, or they may be prismatic to correct for strabismus, or they may be any of these in combination. The magnification or minification power of these lenses serves primarily to produce clear images on the retina of an eye with poor vision rather than to produce any telescopic, microscopic or pictorial effects.

OPTICAL AXIS (CLASS 352)
The path taken by a central ray of a light beam as it passes into the motion picture camera or from the motion picture.

OPTICAL COMMUNICATION (CLASS 359)
The conveyance of information from one location to another via at least one optical transmitter and one optical receiver. These are used to transfer the information with an optical beam and this beam can be used in various communication schemes to enable the most effective or desired method of moving the information, including optical multiplexing when plural information signals or plural transmitters and receivers are utilized.

OPTICAL ELEMENT (CLASS 356)
A structure which performs a basic optical function. See Class 359 for a more specific definition.

OPTICAL ELEMENT (CLASS 359)
A structure which performs a basic optical function, i.e., the structure, when exposed to or placed in the path of a light beam, will cause refraction, diffraction, attenuation, or blocking of the light or a modification in the character or properties of the light. In lenses, the complete lens is considered an optical element, while the individual masses of a plural element lens are considered as lens elements or lens components.

OPTICAL ELEMENT (CLASS 372)
A structure which performs a basic optical function, i.e., the structure when exposed to or placed in the path of a group of light rays will cause a deviation of the rays in accordance with a regular pattern, a blocking of the rays, or a modification in the character or properties of the light.

OPTICAL FIBER (CLASS 372)
A light guidance system that is cylindrical in shape. The fiber relies upon modal transmission to transmit light along its axial length. Light enters one end of the fiber and emerges from the opposite end with only minimal loss.

OPTICAL FIBER (CLASS 385)
A light transmitting (optical) waveguide formed in a generally cylindrical form, often of extremely small diameter and of great length, which confines the transmitted radiation therewithin by means of the principle of total internal reflection. Optical fibers are usually comprised of a central light transmitting core of relatively high refractive index, surrounded by a concentric cladding of relatively low refractive index.

OPTICAL MODULATION (CLASS 359)
The change of some characteristic of an optical beam in direct relation to a varying signal applied thereto. The change may be temporal (e.g., amplitude, frequency, or phase) or directional.

OPTICAL PATH (CLASS 351)
Imaginary lines passing on the principal and secondary axes from the center of the retina to the object viewed.

OPTICAL SYSTEM (CLASS 356)
A combination of two or more similar or diverse optical elements which are optically related, or an optical element combined with nonoptical structure where the overall function performed is optical in nature. The optical systems in this class are for measuring or testing purposes.

OPTICAL SYSTEM (CLASS 359)
A combination of two or more similar or diverse optical elements which are optically related.

OPTICAL SYSTEM (CLASS 372)
A combination of two or more similar or diverse optical elements which are optically related.

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE (CLASS 385)
An optical waveguide is a waveguide which guides radiation in the visible and near-visible portions of the spectrum by means of total internal reflection.

OPTICS, OPTICAL (CLASS 351)
The science of light and vision and the construction of optical instruments.

OPTICS, OPTICAL (CLASS 356)
The science of light and vision and the construction of optical instruments.

OPTICS, OPTICAL (CLASS 359)
The science of light and vision and the construction of optical instruments.

OPTICS, OPTICAL (CLASS 372)
The science of light and vision and the construction of optical instruments.

OPTOMETRY (CLASS 351)
The art of investigating vision defects such as refraction and ocular muscle function-defects and correcting or aiding them by optical means such as opthalmic lenses, prisms, muscle training and other optical measures.

OR (CLASS 425)
This conjunction is used in this class to indicate either the combination of two subcombinations or either one of the subcombinations.

ORANGE-PEEL (CLASS 037)
This implement comprises an excavating tool having two hemispherical jaws which close upon material for excavating and open when dumping.

ORBIT GEAR (CLASS 475)
A gear mounted for rotation about the same axis as a planet carrier* and having a drive face contacting a drive face of a planet pinion* at a location radially outward from the rotational axis of the planet pinion*.

ORBITING (CLASS 065)
Causing movement in a regular, generally a circular or elliptical path around a fixed point.

ORD (CLASS 438)
oxidation retarded diffusion

ORDERED (CLASS 438)
Crystalline arrangement in which different constituent atoms of a compound semiconductor occupy specific lattice sites resulting in long range regularity of the resultant structure.

ORGANIC (CLASS 216)
Is a compound containing carbon, which is further characterized by the presence in the molecule of two carbon atoms bonded together; or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of hydrogen or halogen; or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of nitrogen by a single or double bond. The following compounds are specifically excluded as being Organic for classification purposes, to-wit: hydrocyanic acid, cyanogen, isocyanic acid, cyanamide, cyanogen halides, isothiocyanic acid, fulminic acid, and metal carbides.

ORGANIC (CLASS 424)
Denotes compounds containing carbon, which are further characterized by the presence in a molecule thereof of two carbon atoms bonded together; or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of hydrogen or halogen; or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of nitrogen by a single or double bond.

(1) Note. Compounds included within this definition, but not considered organic are hydrocyanic acid, cyanogen, isocyanic acid, cyanamide, dicyanamide, cyanogen halides, isothiocyanic acid, fulminic acid, and metal carbides.

ORGANIC (CLASS 502)
A compound in which carbon is bonded to (1) a second carbon; (2) at least one atom of hydrogen or halogen; or (3) nitrogen by a single or double bond; except cyanic and (HOCN) cyanogen (NCCN), cyanamide (H2NCN), cyanogen halide (HalCN), hydrocyanic acid (HCN) isocyanic acid (HNCO) fulminic acid (HCNO) and metal carbides (MeCCMe). See class definition of Class 260.

ORGANIC (CLASS 504)
The term organic denotes compounds containing carbon, which are further characterized by the presence in a molecule thereof of two carbon atoms bonded together; or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of hydrogen or halogen; or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of nitrogen by a single or double bond.

ORGANIC (CLASS 510)
Denotes compounds containing carbon which are further characterized by the presence in a molecule thereof of two carbon atoms bonded together, or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of hydrogen or halogen, or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of nitrogen by a single or double bond.

(1) Note. Compounds included within this definition, but not considered organic for purposes of this class are hydrocyanic acid, cyanogen, isocyanic acid, cyanamide, dicyanamide, cyanogen halides, isothiocyanic acid, fulminic acid, and metal carbides.

ORGANIC COMPOUND (CLASS 204)
A chemical compound limited by the definition of a "carbon compound" found under the class definition in Class 260, Chemistry of Carbon Compounds.

ORGANIC COMPOUND (CLASS 423)
A compound as defined in the definition of Class 260, Chemistry of Carbon Compounds as qualified by (34) Note.

ORGANIC COMPOUND (CLASS 520)
Denotes all compounds having carbon therein and which are further characterized by the presence of (a) two carbon atoms bonded together, or (b) one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of hydrogen or halogen, or (c) one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of nitrogen by a single or double bond, with the proviso that hydrocyanic acid, cyanogen, isocyanic acid, cyanamide, cyanogen halides, isothiocyanic acid, and metal carbides are excluded from being organic compounds.

ORGANIC COMPOUND (CLASS 588)
A compound as defined in the definition of Class 260, Chemistry of Carbon Compounds as qualified by (34) Note.

ORGANIC METAL CONTAINING COMPOUND (CLASS 588)
Any carbon containing compound as defined by the definition of Class 260, in which the carbon compound contains a metal.

ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTOR (CLASS 257)
A semiconductor compound in which the molecule is characterized by two or more carbon atoms bonded together, one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of hydrogen or halogen (i.e., chlorine, fluorine, bromine, iodine) or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of nitrogen by a single or double bond.

(1) Note. Exceptions to this rule include HCN, CN-CN, HNCO, HNCS, cyanogen halides, cyanamide, fulminic acid, and metal carbides. These are not regarded as organic semiconductor materials. Also, note that graphite and diamond are not regarded as organic semiconductors since they are not compounds; silicon carbide is not regarded as organic.

ORIENTED-CRYSTAL (CLASS 117)
A material in which substantially all the crystal grains are oriented in a preferential way. Also called preferred-orientation polycrystalline material.

ORIENTING (CLASS 342)
Changing the beam direction of an antenna with respect to some reference point.

ORIENTING (CLASS 343)
Changing the direction of the antenna beam.

ORIFICE (CLASS 072)
A closed perimeter opening or aperture extending directly through the thickness of a plate or wall and constituting (1) the mouth of a chamber, or (2) an interconnection between the regions of space at either side of a plate or wall of substantial lateral extent. A passageway* of such short length that it has only one effective work-shape-imposing portion.

ORIGINAL (CLASS 355)
Any object from which a copy is made by forming an image thereof on a photoreceptor.

ORIGINAL (CLASS 399)
Any object (generally two-dimensional) from which a copy is made by forming an image thereof on a photoconductor.

ORL (CLASS 438)
optical return loss

OSA (CLASS 438)
optical subassembly

OSCILLATING (CLASS 366)
Rotating alternately in opposite directions about an axis.

OSCILLATOR (CLASS 331)
A system for initiating and maintaining oscillations whose frequency or period is fixed or determined by the physical parameters of the system. The fundamental elements required by an oscillator system are: (1) a frequency or period determining element, such as a resonator or timing means, (2) a driving system for the frequency or period determining element, and (3) means for deriving a useful output from the oscillator system. This class is restricted to oscillators for generating electrical oscillations or waves and specifically excludes alternating current generators of the mechanically driven dynamo-electric machine type.

OSF (CLASS 438)
(see OISF)

OSMOSIS (CLASS 210)
Phenomenon in which solvent migrates or is transported across a barrier from a less concentrated solution to a more concentrated solution separated by the barrier tending to equalize the concentrations. The force driving the solvent is dependent on the materials of the liquids and the barrier or septum, and a counter force of greater magnitude will effect reverse migration or reverse osmosis causing solvent to migrate from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. A comprehensive treatise on osmosis and reverse osmosis is given in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology 2nd ed. Vol. 14, pp. 345-355.

OTCR (CLASS 438)
over-the-cell routing

OTP (CLASS 438)
one-time programmable

OUTDIFFUSION (CLASS 438)
The solid-state diffusion of impurities from the underlying substrate into a deposited layer during the growth thereof.

OUTLET CLOSURE (CLASS 221)
A means associated with the egress opening of a dispenser which obstructs, inhibits, or prevents passage of articles out of the dispenser in one position, such means being down stream of the point of separation or segregation of the articles.

OUTPUT CIRCUIT (CLASS 323)
Is the same as load circuit.

OUTPUT CIRCUIT OR COUPLING (CLASS 330)
The circuit or network of an amplifier extending from the output electrodes of the amplifier to the load device, which may include the load.

OUTPUT MEMBER (CLASS 475)
Mechanism which receives rotational power from a planetary gear transmission and transfers such rotational power to a load device*.

OUTPUT SHAFT: (CLASS 477)
Mechanism that receives rotational motion from a gear transmission* or clutch* and transfers such motion to a load*.

OVERDRIVE (CLASS 475)
Mechanism wherein an output member* is driven at a greater rotational velocity than the rotational velocity of an input member*.

OVEREDGE STITCH (CLASS 112)
A stitch wherein the sewing thread extends thickness-wise across a marginal extremity of one or more layers of material without penetrating side extremity. See Figure 6. >

OXIDANT (CLASS 210)
An agent which extracts electrons from a chemical moiety and increases its positive or decreases its negative valence. Often an oxygen or halogen containing material.

OXIDANT COMPONENT: (CLASS 149)
As used in this class relates to that portion of a composition which carries sufficient available oxygen to oxidize at least a substantial portion, if not all, of the fuel component of the composition, and includes metal oxides, and organic compounds capable of yielding metal oxide, nitrogen-oxygen or oxygen-halogen salts which are either organic or inorganic, including the oxides and acids of nitrogen-oxygen, liquefied gaseous material, and in the case of "Thermites" only, any inorganic oxygen salt.

OXIDATION DYE (CLASS 008)
Oxidation dyes are dyes which produce a color by oxidation on the substrate of compounds such as arylamino, hydrxyaryl, or similar compounds to produce, e.g., aniline black or diphenyl black. Nitroaniline dyes are included.

OXIDE ISOLATION (CLASS 257)
Electrical isolation of semiconductor electronic devices in a monolithic integrated circuit by an oxide (e.g., silicon oxide).

OXO (CLASS 260)
Denotes the presence of a carbonyl (C=O) bonded to hydrogen and/or carbon and is a term generic to ketones and aldehydes.

OXO (CLASS 424)
Denotes the presence of a carbonyl (C=O) bonded to hydrogen and/or carbon and is a term limited to ketones and aldehydes.

OXSEF (CLASS 438)
oxygen-doped silicon epitaxial film

OXY (CLASS 260)
Denotes the presence of oxygen singly bonded to a carbon, which is not the carbon of a carbonyl group, and is further bonded to hydrogen, metal, or an organic radical. The term is generic to alcohols, phenols, alcoholates, phenolates, and ethers and esters thereof, but in view of the fact that, in this classification, esters take precedence over hydroxy, the term oxy, as herein employed, is generic to C-OH, C-O Metal, and C-OR (ether type).

OXY (CLASS 424)
Denotes the presence of oxygen singly bonded to a carbon, which is not the carbon of a carbonyl group, and is further bonded to hydrogen, metal or an organic radical. The term is generic to alcohols, phenols, alcoholates, phenolates, ethers and esters thereof.

| A | B | C-CL | CM-CZ | D-DIM | DIM-DZ | E | F | G | H | I | J-K | L | M-MET | MET-MZ | N | O | P-PHA | PHE-PON | POR-PZ | Q | R | S-SEPA | SEPO-SMT | SN-STEM | STEP-SZ | T-TOG | TON-TZ | U | V | W | X-Z |

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