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Higher Education R&D Spending

Follow The Money

The allocation of R&D spending by higher education institutions — universities, colleges, and post-doctorate research institutions — organized by the source of the funds and the specific scientific, engineering, and technology field where it was spent.

Higher education R&D expenditures, by source of funds and R&D field: FY 2012 (Dollars in thousands - 000)

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2012. Data from survey cycle FY 2012, as of 30 October 2013.
Field All R&D
expenditures
Federal
government
State and local
government
Institution
funds
Business Nonprofit
organizations
All other
sources
All R&D fields $65,774,524 $40,130,460 $3,704,365 $13,673,539 $3,281,809 $4,033,233 $951,118
    Science 51,963,778 32,489,286 2,757,482 10,247,426 2,344,693 3,347,940 776,951
        Computer sciences 1,821,482 1,357,726 43,688 270,596 82,166 37,182 30,124
        Environmental sciences 3,172,613 2,197,709 167,243 528,818 128,925 89,179 60,739
            Atmospheric sciences 476,210 388,814 18,041 51,449 8,455 6,234 3,217
            Earth sciences 1,166,960 817,223 54,320 195,308 58,544 30,290 11,275
            Oceanography 1,021,715 670,188 52,519 191,738 38,279 33,678 35,313
            Environmental sciences, nec 507,728 321,484 42,363 90,323 23,647 18,977 10,934
        Life sciences 37,215,163 22,723,650 2,133,890 7,245,617 1,829,924 2,696,368 585,714
            Agricultural sciences 3,296,327 1,135,807 789,901 1,043,488 136,412 135,344 55,375
            Biological sciences 11,595,919 7,720,672 553,331 2,125,770 352,943 748,491 94,712
            Medical sciences 20,357,802 12,670,344 719,200 3,581,396 1,304,616 1,672,521 409,725
            Life sciences, nec 1,965,115 1,196,827 71,458 494,963 35,953 140,012 25,902
        Mathematical sciences 674,932 490,576 30,130 124,092 7,828 20,441 1,865
        Physical sciences 4,721,131 3,483,328 84,821 815,688 123,740 171,214 42,340
            Astronomy 706,133 534,547 1,510 111,641 12,805 37,891 7,739
            Chemistry 1,750,048 1,212,583 42,353 334,987 63,278 76,976 19,871
            Physics 1,996,446 1,543,999 32,356 325,005 40,113 47,017 7,956
            Physical sciences, nec 268,504 192,199 8,602 44,055 7,544 9,330 6,774
        Psychology 1,187,582 866,254 33,600 206,158 20,486 52,803 8,281
        Social sciences 2,055,807 921,095 164,970 660,906 52,256 223,899 32,681
            Economics 383,224 144,431 49,390 130,937 13,108 38,054 7,304
            Political sciences 391,714 142,803 20,930 146,363 7,608 65,414 8,596
            Sociology 459,757 247,659 23,397 120,508 9,856 52,384 5,953
            Social sciences, nec 821,112 386,202 71,253 263,098 21,684 68,047 10,828
        Sciences, nec 1,115,068 448,948 99,140 395,551 99,368 56,854 15,207
    Engineering 10,302,305 6,446,144 682,971 1,838,201 856,703 349,115 129,171
        Aeronautical and astronautical engineering 662,221 501,724 16,867 70,150 66,593 3,363 3,524
        Bioengineering and biomedical engineering 878,633 551,343 54,219 162,753 45,673 57,350 7,295
        Chemical engineering 908,969 505,344 52,441 174,233 132,042 34,232 10,677
        Civil engineering 1,234,326 571,496 233,321 278,855 90,517 40,156 19,981
        Electrical engineering 2,314,842 1,603,171 86,073 342,288 172,006 80,889 30,415
        Mechanical engineering 1,550,936 1,036,311 66,470 241,975 145,364 43,248 17,568
        Metallurgical and materials engineering 756,843 461,763 53,078 143,637 63,598 25,142 9,625
        Engineering, nec 1,995,535 1,214,992 120,502 424,310 140,910 64,735 30,086
    Non-S&E 3,508,441 1,195,030 263,912 1,587,912 80,413 336,178 44,996
        Business and management 441,705 96,244 36,993 232,494 25,718 42,083 8,173
        Communications, journalism, and library science 159,436 53,148 6,056 74,056 3,681 20,999 1,496
        Education 1,229,101 685,505 92,111 303,047 23,703 119,463 5,272
        Humanities 340,628 68,428 10,186 202,307 4,649 48,996 6,062
        Law 131,662 24,553 7,613 67,840 3,303 24,087 4,266
        Social work 199,097 108,992 18,450 46,922 1,079 22,308 1,346
        Visual and performing arts 85,037 10,477 4,563 58,586 1,564 8,173 1,674
        Non-S&E  Not classified elsewhere 921,775 147,683 87,940 602,660 16,716 50,069 16,707
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