Scientific Presence Washington

Business is Global. Innovation is Local

Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity; a picture of inventive and innovative trends, emerging markets, talent pools, and the depth of scientific, technical and engineering enterprise, the indicators of future economic development and growth.


2013 Way Better Count: 7,942 — US Rank — #5
2013 Official Count: 5,878— US Rank — #5
Patents 1963—2013: 73,717
Use the Map and Scientific Presence Indicators and Metrics at left to examine the elements of scientific presence in Washington or click the map to see the Scientific Presence Profile for another state. The Scientific Presence profiles are dynamic and are updated when new metrics and observatons become available, please visit often.

Businesses & Outposts

339 Organizations

National and international corporations, universities, government agencies, businesses, and other organizations
earning patents with first named inventors from Washington.

The Top Ten

Companies Working With Washington Inventors 2009—2013 based on first named inventors who are from Washington.


The Complete List →

All Independent Inventors

2012 — 535 | 2013 — 604 | 2014 — 605
Total 1977—2014: 16,319
2014 US Rank: #11 | Overall Rank: #11

Independent Inventors are not affiliated with a company or other entity when their patents are granted. Many independent inventors use their patents as an important asset for new business formation. If a patent has more than one inventor, each inventor is counted according to his or her state of residence at the time of patent grant. If an inventor has more than one patent, he or she is counted once for each patent.
Source: USPTO

Research & Development (R&D)

Total 2012 R&D Expenditures in Washington: $17,979,000,000.

US R&D Rank — #6 | R&D Intensity — 5.04%
Washington GDP — $357,056,000,000 | GDP Rank — 14
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Business R&D and Innovation Survey, 2011.

Washington R&D Spending

In Millions of Dollars — 000,000)
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NSF/NCSES), National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series), Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey, Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, Survey of State Government R&D. State GDP data are from the US. Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov, accessed 1 August 2013.
Category Subcategory US
R&D Spending
R&D Spending
All R&D $428,163 $17,919
Business Business - Total 294,093 14,558
Paid by The Business 238,768 13,659
Paid By Others - Non Federal Sources 24,015 321
Paid By Others - Federal Sources 31,909 578
Universities & Colleges Total 62,457 1,570
Federal Sources 37,714 1,091
Other Government Sources 3,718 92
Business 3,189 35
University &College Directly 12,965 234
Non-Profit Organizations 4,872 119
Other Non-Profits 6,553 476
States Internal NA 10
Federal 35,775 268
FFRDCs Total 17,718 1,096
FFRDCs - Federal NA 1,072
FFRDCs - Non-Federal NA 24

Washington Higher Education R&D (HERD) Spending

(Dollars in thousands - 000)
Source: National Science Foundation — Higher education R&D (HERD) expenditures, by geographic division, state, and source of funds: FY 2012
All R&D
Federal Government State & Local
Institution Funding Business Nonprofit
All Other Sources
US $65,774,524 $40,130,460 $3,704,365 $13,673,539 $3,281,809 $4,033,233 $951,118
Washington 1,472,521 1,053,092 82,609 197,974 31,704 82,778 24,364

See how higher education funding breaks down by the source of the funding and the science, technology, and engineering domain where it is spent.

Follow the Money | Spending by Source & Domain →

Scientists & Engineers

Population with college degrees, scientific or engineering degrees, and doctorates in S&E research domains.


All Degrees
Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2009
Total Population over 25 with College Degrees
Location All Degrees S&E Degrees S&E % Margin of
US 56,335,654 20,498,538 36.4% 0.1%
Washington 1,379,728 586,533 42.5% 0.6%
Future Scientists
High School Graduation Rates
US Total 80%
Washington 77%
Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate 2011-2012, Source US Department of Education
Map of College Degrees by State

Doctorate Degrees
Source: NSF, NIH, USED, USDA, NEH, NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2012.
Location US Rank Doctorate Degrees Granted % of US Total
US 51,008
Washington 22 798 0.02%
Doctorate Granting Institutions

One of the top 50 US doctorate-granting institutions are located in Washington. University of Washington granted 580.


A look at the research focused institutions supporting the State's scientific presence.

Expenditures at Washington Higher Education R&D Institutions

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2012.
US Rank Institution All R&D Expenditures
  All US Institutions $65,774,524
4 University Washington, Seattle 1,109,008
68 Washington State University 335,930
356 Western Washington University 7,597
416 University Washington, Bothell 4,285
471 Northwest Indian College 2,847
478 Central Washington University 2,753
482 Eastern Washington University 2,700
548 University Washington, Tacoma 1,845
583 Seattle Pacific University 1,481
555 Gonzaga University 1,765
640 Whitman College 849
642 Evergreen State College 819
647 Seattle University 642
  Totals —  Washington $1,472,521

Follow the Money | How Money Was Allocated to Washington Institutions →

Federally Funded R&D Centers

Federally Funded R&D Centers (FFRDCs) located in Washington, the federal government department that sponsors the center, and information about their research spending.
FFRDC Sponsor Location All R&D Expenditures
All US FFRDCs     $17,446,036
Pacific Northwest National Lab. DOE Richland 1,033,768
  All FFRDC Expenditures in Washington $1,033,768

Follow the Money | Spending By Washington Based FFRDCS →

Federal Research & Development Centers | US Master List →

Federal Laboratories

Source: Federal Lab Consortium
Agency Sponsor Lab
Dept. of Commerce NOAA-Alaska Fisheries Science Center
Dept. of Commerce NOAA-Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Station Everett
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Undersea Warfare Center - Division Keyport
Dept. of Energy DOE-Hanford Site
Dept. of Energy Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Dept. of Health and Human Services NIOSH - Spokane Research Laboratory
Dept. of Interior Cascades Volcano Observatory
Dept. of Interior Washington Water Science Center
Dept. of Interior Western Fisheries Research Center

Federal Laboratories | US Master List →

About Scientific Presence

Indicia of Economic Growth, New Corporate Outposts and New Markets
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Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity in a particular location. Way Better Patents™ combines its own custom patent and innovation analytics with authoritative information on R&D spending, demographic data, STEM education information, economic data, grant data, information on patent owners, and the presence of young companies, the engines of most new job creation, to create each Scientific Presence Profile.
Scientific Presence metrics, when combined with information about new patented inventions, presents a picture of emerging inventive and innovative trends, nascent market development, the depth of scientific activity in a location, the companies establishing outposts in new locations beyond their corporate headquarters, and how many people are participating in these activities.
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