Scientific Presence Virginia

Business is Global. Innovation is Local

Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity; a picture of inventive and innovative trends, emerging markets, talent pools, and the depth of scientific, technical and engineering enterprise, the indicators of future economic development and growth.


2013 Way Better Count: 3,011 — US Rank — #20
2013 Official Count: 1,886— US Rank — #21
Patents 1963—2013: 42,393
Use the Map and Scientific Presence Indicators and Metrics at left to examine the elements of scientific presence in Virginia or click the map to see the Scientific Presence Profile for another state. The Scientific Presence profiles are dynamic and are updated when new metrics and observatons become available, please visit often.

Businesses & Outposts

204 Organizations

National and international corporations, universities, government agencies, businesses, and other organizations
earning patents with first named inventors from Virginia.

The Top Ten

Companies Working With Virginia Inventors 2009—2013 based on first named inventors who are from Virginia.

  1. US — Navy
  2. AOL LLC
  3. IBM

The Complete List →

All Independent Inventors

2012 — 427 | 2013 — 425 | 2014 — 418
Total 1977—2014: 12,630
2014 US Rank: #19 | Overall Rank: #17

Independent Inventors are not affiliated with a company or other entity when their patents are granted. Many independent inventors use their patents as an important asset for new business formation. If a patent has more than one inventor, each inventor is counted according to his or her state of residence at the time of patent grant. If an inventor has more than one patent, he or she is counted once for each patent.
Source: USPTO

Research & Development (R&D)

Total 2012 R&D Expenditures in Virginia: $11,166,000,000.

US R&D Rank — #20 | R&D Intensity — 2.58%
Virginia GDP — $433,611,000,000 | GDP Rank — 10
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Business R&D and Innovation Survey, 2011.

Virginia R&D Spending

In Millions of Dollars — 000,000)
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NSF/NCSES), National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series), Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey, Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, Survey of State Government R&D. State GDP data are from the US. Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov, accessed 1 August 2013.
Category Subcategory US
R&D Spending
R&D Spending
All R&D $428,163 $11,166
Business Business - Total 294,093 5,562
Paid by The Business 238,768 3,138
Paid By Others - Non Federal Sources 24,015 339
Paid By Others - Federal Sources 31,909 2,085
Universities & Colleges Total 62,457 1,284
Federal Sources 37,714 772
Other Government Sources 3,718 129
Business 3,189 53
University &College Directly 12,965 264
Non-Profit Organizations 4,872 67
Other Non-Profits 6,553 139
States Internal NA 7
Federal 35,775 2,738
FFRDCs Total 17,718 1,436
FFRDCs - Federal NA 1,424
FFRDCs - Non-Federal NA 12

Virginia Higher Education R&D (HERD) Spending

(Dollars in thousands - 000)
Source: National Science Foundation — Higher education R&D (HERD) expenditures, by geographic division, state, and source of funds: FY 2012
All R&D
Federal Government State & Local
Institution Funding Business Nonprofit
All Other Sources
US $65,774,524 $40,130,460 $3,704,365 $13,673,539 $3,281,809 $4,033,233 $951,118
Virginia 1,379,440 767,166 129,302 352,358 54,370 69,837 6,407

See how higher education funding breaks down by the source of the funding and the science, technology, and engineering domain where it is spent.

Follow the Money | Spending by Source & Domain →

Scientists & Engineers

Population with college degrees, scientific or engineering degrees, and doctorates in S&E research domains.


All Degrees
Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2009
Total Population over 25 with College Degrees
Location All Degrees S&E Degrees S&E % Margin of
US 56,335,654 20,498,538 36.4% 0.1%
Virginia 1,770,257 742,583 41 .9% 0.6%
Future Scientists
High School Graduation Rates
US Total 80%
Virginia 83%
Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate 2011-2012, Source US Department of Education
Map of College Degrees by State

Doctorate Degrees
Source: NSF, NIH, USED, USDA, NEH, NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2012.
Location US Rank Doctorate Degrees Granted % of US Total
US 51,008
Virginia 11 1,414 2.7%
Doctorate Granting Institutions

Two of the top 50 US doctorate-granting institutions are located in Virginia. VA Polytechnic Institute and State University granted 444 doctorates. The University of Virginia, Charlottesville granted 374.


A look at the research focused institutions supporting the Commonwealth's scientific presence.

Expenditures at Virginia Higher Education R&D Institutions

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2012.
US Rank Institution All R&D Expenditures
  All institutions $65,774,524
40 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 454,417
59 University of Virginia, Charlottesville 383,359
101 Virginia Commonwealth University 201,366
145 Old Dominion University 104,579
154 George Mason University 90,198
195 College of William & Mary and
Virginia Institute of Marine Science
215 Eastern Virginia Medical School 37,745
295 Hampton University 15,356
324 Virginia State University 10,296
343 James Madison University 8,891
350 Norfolk State University 8,336
410 National University 4,482
417 University of Richmond 4,282
476 Commonwealth Medical College 2,777
489 Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine 2,576
597 Christopher Newport University 1,327
637 University of Mary Washington 907
  Totals —  Virginia $1,386,699

Follow the Money | How Money Was Allocated to Virginia Institutions →

Federally Funded R&D Centers

Federally Funded R&D Centers (FFRDCs) located in Virginia, the federal government department that sponsors the center, and information about their research spending.
FFRDC Sponsor Location All R&D Expenditures
All US FFRDCs     $17,446,036
National Radio Astronomy Observatory NSF Charlottesville, VA 79,168
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility DOE Newport News, VA 94,167
Ctr. for Advanced Aviation System Development DOT — FAA McLean, VA 159,311
Ctr. for Communications and Computing DOD, NSA/CSS Alexandria, VA 62,600
Ctr. for Enterprise Modernizationa Treasury — IRS; DVA McLean, VA 226,539
Ctr. for Naval Analyses DOD, Navy Alexandria, VA 91,628
Homeland Security Studies &           Analysis Institute DHS Arlington, VA 30,213
Homeland Security Systems Engineering           & Development Institute DHS McLean, VA 77,159
National Security Engineering Ctr. DOD — OSD Bedford, MA/McLean, VA 946,7371
Studies and Analyses Ctr. DOD, OSD Alexandria, VA 149,150
Judiciary Engineering and Modernization Ctr. US. Courts McLean, VA 5,309
  All FFRDC Expenditures in Virginia $1,921,981

Follow the Money | Spending By Virginia Based FFRDCS →

Federal Research & Development Centers | US Master List →

Federal Laboratories

Source: Federal Lab Consortium
Agency Sponsor Lab
Dept. of Defense Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Dept. of Defense Defense Technical Information Center
Dept. of Defense - Air Force AFRL - Air Force Office of Scientific Research
Dept. of Defense - Air Force Air Combat Command
Dept. of Defense - Army ARL - Vehicle Technology Directorate - Structures Program
Dept. of Defense - Army Army Research Institute for Behavioral and Social Sciences
Dept. of Defense - Army Aviation Applied Technology Directorate
Dept. of Defense - Army RDECOM - CERDEC - Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate
Dept. of Defense - Army USACE - Institute for Water Resources
Dept. of Defense - Navy Marine Corps Network Operations and Security Center (MCNOSC)
Dept. of Defense - Navy Marine Corps Systems Command
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Air Systems Command
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Medical Center - Portsmouth
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Surface Warfare Center - Dahlgren Division
Dept. of Defense - Navy Navy Warfare Development Command
Dept. of Defense - Navy Office of Naval Research
Dept. of Energy Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
Dept. of Interior Virginia Water Science Center
Dept. of Labor Mine Safety and Health Administration
Dept. of Transportation FHWA - Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center
NASA Langley Research Center
National Science Foundation National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Federal Laboratories | US Master List →

About Scientific Presence

Indicia of Economic Growth, New Corporate Outposts and New Markets
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Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity in a particular location. Way Better Patents™ combines its own custom patent and innovation analytics with authoritative information on R&D spending, demographic data, STEM education information, economic data, grant data, information on patent owners, and the presence of young companies, the engines of most new job creation, to create each Scientific Presence Profile.
Scientific Presence metrics, when combined with information about new patented inventions, presents a picture of emerging inventive and innovative trends, nascent market development, the depth of scientific activity in a location, the companies establishing outposts in new locations beyond their corporate headquarters, and how many people are participating in these activities.
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