Scientific Presence Texas

Business is Global. Innovation is Local

Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity; a picture of inventive and innovative trends, emerging markets, talent pools, and the depth of scientific, technical and engineering enterprise, the indicators of future economic development and growth.


2013 Way Better Count: 12,301 — US Rank — #3
2013 Official Count: 9,222— US Rank — #2
Patents 1963—2013: 186,477
Use the Map and Scientific Presence Indicators and Metrics at left to examine the elements of scientific presence in Texas or click the map to see the Scientific Presence Profile for another state. The Scientific Presence profiles are dynamic and are updated when new metrics and observatons become available, please visit often.

Businesses & Outposts

713 Organizations

National and international corporations, universities, government agencies, businesses, and other organizations
earning patents with first named inventors from Texas.

The Top Ten

Companies Working With Texas Inventors 2009—2013 based on first named inventors who are from Texas.


The Complete List →

All Independent Inventors

2012 — 1,338 | 2013 — 1,465| 2014 — 1,576
Total 1977—2014: 41,331
2014 US Rank: #3| Overall Rank: #4

Independent Inventors are not affiliated with a company or other entity when their patents are granted. Many independent inventors use their patents as an important asset for new business formation. If a patent has more than one inventor, each inventor is counted according to his or her state of residence at the time of patent grant. If an inventor has more than one patent, he or she is counted once for each patent.
Source: USPTO

Research & Development (R&D)

Total 2012 R&D Expenditures in Texas: $20,623,000,000.

US R&D Rank — #3 | R&D Intensity — 1.56%
Texas GDP — $1,321,005,000,000 | GDP Rank — #2
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Business R&D and Innovation Survey, 2011.

Texas R&D Spending

In Millions of Dollars — 000,000)
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NSF/NCSES), National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series), Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey, Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, Survey of State Government R&D. State GDP data are from the US. Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov, accessed 1 August 2013.
Category Subcategory US
R&D Spending
R&D Spending
All R&D $428,163 $20,623
Business Business - Total 294,093 15,309
Paid by The Business 238,768 12,920
Paid By Others - Non Federal Sources 24,015 1,219
Paid By Others - Federal Sources 31,909 1,169
Universities & Colleges Total 62,457 4,662
Federal Sources 37,714 2,326
Other Government Sources 3,718 702
Business 3,189 285
University &College Directly 12,965 887
Non-Profit Organizations 4,872 461
Other Non-Profits 6,553 164
States Internal NA 10
Federal 35,775 462
FFRDCs Total 17,718 16
FFRDCs - Federal NA 16
FFRDCs - Non-Federal NA 0

Texas Higher Education R&D (HERD) Spending

(Dollars in thousands - 000)
Source: National Science Foundation — Higher education R&D (HERD) expenditures, by geographic division, state, and source of funds: FY 2012
All R&D
Federal Government State & Local
Institution Funding Business Nonprofit
All Other Sources
US $65,774,524 $40,130,460 $3,704,365 $13,673,539 $3,281,809 $4,033,233 $951,118
Texas 4,651,322 2,172,856 726,823 985,361 303,073 416,253 46,956

See how higher education funding breaks down by the source of the funding and the science, technology, and engineering domain where it is spent.

Follow the Money | Spending by Source & Domain →

Scientists & Engineers

Population with college degrees, scientific or engineering degrees, and doctorates in S&E research domains.


All Degrees
Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2009
Total Population over 25 with College Degrees
Location All Degrees S&E Degrees S&E % Margin of
US 56,335,654 20,498,538 36.4% 0.1%
Texas 3,917,304 1,369,822 35% 0.4%
Future Scientists
High School Graduation Rates
US Total 80%
Texas 88%
Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate 2011-2012, Source US Department of Education
Map of College Degrees by State

Doctorate Degrees
Source: NSF, NIH, USED, USDA, NEH, NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2012.
Location US Rank Doctorate Degrees Granted % of US Total
US 51,008
Texas 3 3,639 0.07%
Doctorate Granting Institutions

Two of the top 50 US doctorate-granting institutions are located in Texas. Texas A&M University granted 653. University of Texas, Austin granted 807.


A look at the research focused institutions supporting the State's scientific presence.

Expenditures at Texas Higher Education R&D Institutions

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2012.
US Rank Institution All R&D Expenditures
  All US Institutions $65,774,524
24 Texas A&M University, College Station 693,421
26 University Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. 685,814
31 University Texas, Austin 621,538
38 Baylor College of Medicine 474,700
44 University Texas, Southwestern Medical Ctr., Dallas 435,085
90 University Texas, Health Science Ctr., Houston 236,250
106 University Texas, Health Science Ctr., San Antonio 184,298
107 University Texas, Medical Branch 180,888
125 Texas Tech University 138,026
138 Rice University 117,223
140 University Houston 116,288
153 University Texas, Dallas 90,700
159 Texas A&M Health Science Ctr. 82,833
164 University Texas, El Paso 79,649
165 University Texas, Arlington 78,556
182 Texas Tech University, Health Sciences Ctr. 61,219
191 University Texas, San Antonio 57,233
203 University North Texas, Denton 46,943
204 University North Texas, Health Science Ctr. 46,865
218 Texas State University, San Marcos 36,664
254 Southern Methodist University 24,397
283 Texas A&M University, Kingsville 17,419
289 Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi 15,776
299 Prairie View A&M University 14,552
327 Baylor University 10,161
334 Tarleton State University 9,393
341 University Texas, Pan American 9,062
346 University Texas, Tyler 8,520
351 University Texas, Brownsville 8,318
355 Texas Christian University 7,775
367 West Texas A&M University 6,937
375 Texas Southern University 6,380
380 St. Edward's University 5,906
381 Texas A&M University, Galveston 5,834
388 Stephen F. Austin State University 5,495
413 Sam Houston State University 4,349
421 Texas Woman's University 4,129
437 Lamar University 3,589
446 Texas A&M International University 3,344
503 Texas A&M University, Commerce 2,279
504 University Houston, Downtown 2,267
554 University Houston, Clear Lake 1,769
560 University Texas, Permian Basin 1,707
473 Wiley College 2,831
499 Sul Ross State University 2,375
567 Trinity University 1,611
630 Angelo State University 954
  Totals —  Texas $4,687,219

Follow the Money | How Money Was Allocated to Texas Institutions →

Federally Funded R&D Centers

Federally Funded R&D Centers (FFRDCs) located in Texas, the federal government department that sponsors the center, and information about their research spending.
FFRDC Sponsor Location All R&D Expenditures
All US FFRDCs     $17,446,036
Ctr. for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses NRC San Antonio 13,147
  All FFRDC Expenditures in Texas $13,147

Follow the Money | Spending By Texas Based FFRDCS →

Federal Research & Development Centers | US Master List →

Federal Laboratories

Source: Federal Lab Consortium
Agency Sponsor Lab
Dept. of Agriculture ARS - Southern Plains Area
Dept. of Defense - Air Force 688th Information Operations Wing
Dept. of Defense - Air Force Air Force - 311th Human Systems Wing
Dept. of Defense - Air Force Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence
Dept. of Defense - Air Force Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency
Dept. of Defense - Air Force Air Force Medical ORTA
Dept. of Defense - Army Center for AMEDD Strategic Studies
Dept. of Defense - Army U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research
Dept. of Energy Institute for Fusion Studies
Dept. of Energy NNSA - Pantex Plant
Dept. of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory - Sugarland
Dept. of Interior Texas Water Science Center
NASA Johnson Space Center

Federal Laboratories | US Master List →

About Scientific Presence

Indicia of Economic Growth, New Corporate Outposts and New Markets
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Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity in a particular location. Way Better Patents™ combines its own custom patent and innovation analytics with authoritative information on R&D spending, demographic data, STEM education information, economic data, grant data, information on patent owners, and the presence of young companies, the engines of most new job creation, to create each Scientific Presence Profile.
Scientific Presence metrics, when combined with information about new patented inventions, presents a picture of emerging inventive and innovative trends, nascent market development, the depth of scientific activity in a location, the companies establishing outposts in new locations beyond their corporate headquarters, and how many people are participating in these activities.
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