Scientific Presence Pennsylvania

Business is Global. Innovation is Local

Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity; a picture of inventive and innovative trends, emerging markets, talent pools, and the depth of scientific, technical and engineering enterprise, the indicators of future economic development and growth.


2013 Way Better Count: 6,405 — US Rank — #9
2013 Official Count: 3,961— US Rank — #10
Patents 1963—2013: 154,897
Use the Map and Scientific Presence Indicators and Metrics at left to examine the elements of scientific presence in Pennsylvania or click the map to see the Scientific Presence Profile for another state. The Scientific Presence profiles are dynamic and are updated when new metrics and observatons become available, please visit often.

Businesses & Outposts

458 Organizations

National and international corporations, universities, government agencies, businesses, and other organizations
earning patents with first named inventors from Pennsylvania.

The Top Ten

Companies Working With Pennsylvania Inventors 2009—2013 based on first named inventors who are from Pennsylvania.


The Complete List →

All Independent Inventors

2012 — 678 | 2013 — 668 | 2014 — 698
Total 1977—2014: 26,007
2014 US Rank — #9 | Overall Rank: 26007

Independent Inventors are not affiliated with a company or other entity when their patents are granted. Many independent inventors use their patents as an important asset for new business formation. If a patent has more than one inventor, each inventor is counted according to his or her state of residence at the time of patent grant. If an inventor has more than one patent, he or she is counted once for each patent.
Source: USPTO

Research & Development (R&D)

Total 2012 R&D Expenditures in Pennsylvania: $13,651,000,000.

US R&D Rank — #10 | R&D Intensity — 2.35%
Pennsylvania GDP — $581,256,000,000 | GDP Rank — 6
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Business R&D and Innovation Survey, 2011.

Pennsylvania R&D Spending

In Millions of Dollars — 000,000)
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NSF/NCSES), National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series), Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey, Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, Survey of State Government R&D. State GDP data are from the US. Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov, accessed 1 August 2013.
Category Subcategory US
R&D Spending
R&D Spending
All R&D $428,163 $13,651
Business Business - Total 294,093 9,718
Paid by The Business 238,768 9,018
Paid By Others - Non Federal Sources 24,015 463
Paid By Others - Federal Sources 31,909 237
Universities & Colleges Total 62,457 3,313
Federal Sources 37,714 2,371
Other Government Sources 3,718 117
Business 3,189 159
University &College Directly 12,965 498
Non-Profit Organizations 4,872 167
Other Non-Profits 6,553 286
States Internal NA 6
Federal 35,775 220
FFRDCs Total 17,718 108
FFRDCs - Federal NA 107
FFRDCs - Non-Federal NA 0

Pennsylvania Higher Education R&D (HERD) Spending

(Dollars in thousands - 000)
Source: National Science Foundation — Higher education R&D (HERD) expenditures, by geographic division, state, and source of funds: FY 2012
All R&D
Federal Government State & Local
Institution Funding Business Nonprofit
All Other Sources
US $65,774,524 $40,130,460 $3,704,365 $13,673,539 $3,281,809 $4,033,233 $951,118
Pennsylvania 3,657,974 2,713,521 115,221 502,664 139,958 176,585 10,025

See how higher education funding breaks down by the source of the funding and the science, technology, and engineering domain where it is spent.

Follow the Money | Spending by Source & Domain →

Scientists & Engineers

Population with college degrees, scientific or engineering degrees, and doctorates in S&E research domains.


All Degrees
Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2009
Total Population over 25 with College Degrees
Location All Degrees S&E Degrees S&E % Margin of
US 56,335,654 20,498,538 36.4% 0.1%
Pennsylvania 2,271,270 807,225 35.5% 0.4%
Future Scientists
High School Graduation Rates
US Total 80%
Pennsylvania 84%
Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate 2011-2012, Source US Department of Education
Map of College Degrees by State

Doctorate Degrees
Source: NSF, NIH, USED, USDA, NEH, NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2012.
Location US Rank Doctorate Degrees Granted % of US Total
US 51,008
Pennsylvania 5 2,515 0.5%
Doctorate Granting Institutions

Three of the top 50 US doctorate-granting institutions are located in Pennsylvania. University of Pittsburg granted 396. University of Pennsylvania granted 442. Pennsylvania State University, University Park & Hershey Medical Center granted 651.


A look at the research focused institutions supporting the Commonwealth's scientific presence.

Expenditures at Pennsylvania Higher Education R&D Institutions

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2012.
US Rank Institution All R&D Expenditures
  All institutions $65,774,524
12 University Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh 866,638
13 University Pennsylvania 847,077
18 Pennsylvania State University, University Park and Hershey Medical Ctr. 797,679
49 Case Western Reserve University 431,090
82 Carnegie Mellon University 255,933
132 Temple University 128,580
139 Drexel University 116,768
147 Thomas Jefferson University 100,506
232 Lehigh University 31,992
293 Duquesne University 15,547
326 Villanova University 10,192
329 Bryn Mawr College 9,837
406 West Chester University Pennsylvania 4,591
425 Bucknell University 4,009
433 University of the Sciences in Philadelphia 3,610
444 Pennsylvania State University, Erie 3,374
450 Swarthmore College 3,281
463 Franklin and Marshall College 2,997
465 St. Joseph's University 2,955
468 Pennsylvania State University, Harrisburg 2,903
488 Haverford College 2,588
515 Dickinson College 2,167
539 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine 1,898
566 Lincoln University of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 1,622
585 Pittsburg State University 1,479
649 Philadelphia University 572
651 Shippensburg University Pennsylvania 548
655 Cheyney University Pennsylvania 259
544 Lafayette College 1,864
573 Mercyhurst University 1,539
629 Arcadia University 956
570 St. Francis University 1,586
595 Salus University 1,337
  Totals —  Pennsylvania $3,657,974

Follow the Money | How Money Was Allocated to Pennsylvania Institutions →

Federally Funded R&D Centers

Federally Funded R&D Centers (FFRDCs) located in Pennsylvania, the federal government department that sponsors the center, and information about their research spending.
FFRDC Sponsor Location All R&D Expenditures
All US FFRDCs     $17,446,036
Software Engineering Institute DOD, OSD Pittsburgh 113,371
  All FFRDC Expenditures in Pennsylvania $113,371

Follow the Money | Spending By Pennsylvania Based FFRDCS →

Federal Research & Development Centers | US Master List →

Federal Laboratories

Source: Federal Lab Consortium
Agency Sponsor Lab
Dept. of Agriculture ARS - North Atlantic Area
Dept. of Agriculture FS - Northern Research Station
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Surface Warfare Center - Carderock Division, Naval Ship Systems Engineering Station
Dept. of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory - Pittsburgh
Dept. of Health and Human Services NIOSH - Pittsburgh Research Laboratory
Dept. of Interior Pennsylvania Water Science Center
National Science Foundation Advanced Technology for Large Structural Systems Center

Federal Laboratories | US Master List →

About Scientific Presence

Indicia of Economic Growth, New Corporate Outposts and New Markets
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Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity in a particular location. Way Better Patents™ combines its own custom patent and innovation analytics with authoritative information on R&D spending, demographic data, STEM education information, economic data, grant data, information on patent owners, and the presence of young companies, the engines of most new job creation, to create each Scientific Presence Profile.
Scientific Presence metrics, when combined with information about new patented inventions, presents a picture of emerging inventive and innovative trends, nascent market development, the depth of scientific activity in a location, the companies establishing outposts in new locations beyond their corporate headquarters, and how many people are participating in these activities.
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