Scientific Presence District of Columbia

Business is Global. Innovation is Local

Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity; a picture of inventive and innovative trends, emerging markets, talent pools, and the depth of scientific, technical and engineering enterprise, the indicators of future economic development and growth.


2013 Way Better Count: 290 — US Rank — #43
2013 Official Count: 133— US Rank — #45
Patents 1963—2013: 4,247
Use the Map and Scientific Presence Indicators and Metrics at left to examine the elements of scientific presence in District of Columbia or click the map to see the Scientific Presence Profile for another state. The Scientific Presence profiles are dynamic and are updated when new metrics and observatons become available, please visit often.

Businesses & Outposts

19 Organizations

National and international corporations, universities, government agencies, businesses, and other organizations
earning patents with first named inventors from District of Columbia.

The Top Ten

Companies Working With District of Columbia Inventors 2009—2013 based on first named inventors who are from District of Columbia.

  2. US Navy
  3. IBM

The Complete List →

All Independent Inventors

2012 — 46 | 2013 — 41 | 2014 — 50
Total 1977—2014: 1,304
2014 US Rank: #45 | Overall Rank: #40

Independent Inventors are not affiliated with a company or other entity when their patents are granted. Many independent inventors use their patents as an important asset for new business formation. If a patent has more than one inventor, each inventor is counted according to his or her state of residence at the time of patent grant. If an inventor has more than one patent, he or she is counted once for each patent.
Source: USPTO

Research & Development (R&D)

Total 2012 R&D Expenditures in District of Columbia: $3,418,000,000.

US R&D Rank — #26 | R&D Intensity — 3.19%
District of Columbia GDP — $107,201,000,000 | GDP Rank — 41
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Business R&D and Innovation Survey, 2011.

District of Columbia R&D Spending

In Millions of Dollars — 000,000)
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NSF/NCSES), National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series), Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey, Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, Survey of State Government R&D. State GDP data are from the US. Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov, accessed 1 August 2013.
Category Subcategory US
R&D Spending
District of Columbia
R&D Spending
All R&D $428,163 $3,418
Business Business - Total 294,093 415
Paid by The Business 238,768 162
Paid By Others - Non Federal Sources 24,015 23
Paid By Others - Federal Sources 31,909 230
Universities & Colleges Total 62,457 493
Federal Sources 37,714 312
Other Government Sources 3,718 6
Business 3,189 12
University & College Directly 12,965 105
Non-Profit Organizations 4,872 59
Other Non-Profits 6,553 255
States Internal NA 0.22
Federal 35,775 2,245
FFRDCs Total 17,718 9
FFRDCs - Federal 17,372 9
FFRDCs - Non-Federal NA 0

District of Columbia Higher Education R&D (HERD) Spending

(Dollars in thousands - 000)
Source: National Science Foundation — Higher education R&D (HERD) expenditures, by geographic division, state, and source of funds: FY 2012
All R&D
Federal Government State & Local
Institution Funding Business Nonprofit
All Other Sources
US $65,774,524 $40,130,460 $3,704,365 $13,673,539 $3,281,809 $4,033,233 $951,118
District of Columbia 501,534 296,885 4,641 126,993 10,283 62,395 337

See how higher education funding breaks down by the source of the funding and the science, technology, and engineering domain where it is spent.

Follow the Money | Spending by Source & Domain →

Scientists & Engineers

Population with college degrees, scientific or engineering degrees, and doctorates in S&E research domains.


All Degrees
Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2009
Total Population over 25 with College Degrees
Location All Degrees S&E Degrees S&E % Margin of
US 56,335,654 20,498,538 36.4% 0.1%
District of Columbia 200,382 102,203 51% 1.8%
Future Scientists
High School Graduation Rates
US Total 80%
District of Columbia 59%
Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate 2011-2012, Source US Department of Education
Map of College Degrees by State

Doctorate Degrees
Source: NSF, NIH, USED, USDA, NEH, NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2012.
Location US Rank Doctorate Degrees Granted % of US Total
US 51,008
District of Columbia 27 567 0.01%
Doctorate Granting Institutions

None of the academic institutions in the District of Columbia are among the top 50 US doctorate-granting institutions.


A look at the research focused institutions supporting the District's scientific presence.

Expenditures at District of Columbia Higher Education R&D Institutions

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2012.
US Rank Institution All R&D Expenditures
  All institutions $65,774,524
103 George Washington University 196,448
108 Georgetown University 180,308
208 Howard University 45,486
209 American University 43,526
253 Catholic University America 24,971
371 Gallaudet University 6,765
424 University of the DC 4,030
  Totals District of Columbia $ 501,534

Follow the Money | How Money Was Allocated to District of Columbia Institutions →

Federally Funded R&D Centers

Federally Funded R&D Centers (FFRDCs) located in District of Columbia, the federal government department that sponsors the center, and information about their research spending.
FFRDC Sponsor Location All R&D Expenditures
All US FFRDCs     $17,446,036
Science and Technology Policy Institute NSF Washington, DC $ 7,547

Follow the Money | Spending By District of Columbia Based FFRDCS →

Federal Laboratories

Source: Federal Lab Consortium
Agency Sponsor Lab
Dept. of Defense Missile Defense Agency
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Facilities Engineering Command
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Research Laboratory
Dept. of Defense - Navy U.S. Naval Observatory
Dept. of Health and Human Services Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
Environmental Protection Agency National Center for Environmental Research
Environmental Protection Agency Office of Science Policy

Federal Laboratories | US Master List →

About Scientific Presence

Indicia of Economic Growth, New Corporate Outposts and New Markets
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Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity in a particular location. Way Better Patents™ combines its own custom patent and innovation analytics with authoritative information on R&D spending, demographic data, STEM education information, economic data, grant data, information on patent owners, and the presence of young companies, the engines of most new job creation, to create each Scientific Presence Profile.
Scientific Presence metrics, when combined with information about new patented inventions, presents a picture of emerging inventive and innovative trends, nascent market development, the depth of scientific activity in a location, the companies establishing outposts in new locations beyond their corporate headquarters, and how many people are participating in these activities.
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