Scientific Presence California

Business is Global. Innovation is Local

Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity; a picture of inventive and innovative trends, emerging markets, talent pools, and the depth of scientific, technical and engineering enterprise, the indicators of future economic development and growth.


2013 Way Better Count: 45,794 — US Rank — #1
2013 Official Count: 36,193— US Rank — #1
Patents 1963—2013: 5,768,36
Use the Map and Scientific Presence Indicators and Metrics at left to examine the elements of scientific presence in California or click the map to see the Scientific Presence Profile for another state. The Scientific Presence profiles are dynamic and are updated when new metrics and observatons become available, please visit often.

Businesses & Outposts

2,789 Organizations

National and international corporations, universities, government agencies, businesses, and other organizations
earning patents with first named inventors from California.

The Top Ten

Companies Working With California Inventors 2009—2013 based on first named inventors who are from California.

  3. APPLE, INC.

The Complete List →

All Independent Inventors

2012 — 4,799 | 2013 — 5,125 | 2014 5,363
Total 1977—2014: 145,148
2014 US Rank: #1 | Overall Rank: #1

Independent Inventors are not affiliated with a company or other entity when their patents are granted. Many independent inventors use their patents as an important asset for new business formation. If a patent has more than one inventor, each inventor is counted according to his or her state of residence at the time of patent grant. If an inventor has more than one patent, he or she is counted once for each patent.
Source: USPTO

Research & Development (R&D)

Total 2012 R&D Expenditures in California: $91,420,000,000.

US R&D Rank — #1 | R&D Intensity — 4.79%
California GDP — $1,908,985,000,000 | GDP Rank — 1
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Business R&D and Innovation Survey, 2011.

California R&D Spending

In Millions of Dollars — 000,000)
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NSF/NCSES), National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series), Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey, Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, Survey of State Government R&D. State GDP data are from the US. Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov, accessed 1 August 2013.
Category Subcategory US
R&D Spending
R&D Spending
All R&D $428,163 $91,420
Business Business - Total 294,093 75,035
Paid by The Business 238,768 64,104
Paid By Others - Non Federal Sources 24,015 3,963
Paid By Others - Federal Sources 31,909 6,968
Universities & Colleges Total 62,457 8,227
Federal Sources 37,714 5,156
Other Government Sources 3,718 419
Business 3,189 476
University &College Directly 12,965 1,119
Non-Profit Organizations 4,872 1,056
Other Non-Profits 6,553 982
States Internal NA 38
Federal 35,775 2,884
FFRDCs Total 17,718 4,254
FFRDCs - Federal NA 4,114
FFRDCs - Non-Federal NA 139

California Higher Education R&D (HERD) Spending

(Dollars in thousands - 000)
Source: National Science Foundation — Higher education R&D (HERD) expenditures, by geographic division, state, and source of funds: FY 2012
All R&D
Federal Government State & Local
Institution Funding Business Nonprofit
All Other Sources
US $65,774,524 $40,130,460 $3,704,365 $13,673,539 $3,281,809 $4,033,233 $951,118
California 8,385,791 5,094,979 437,001 1,262,095 512,691 746,016 333,009

See how higher education funding breaks down by the source of the funding and the science, technology, and engineering domain where it is spent.

Follow the Money | Spending by Source & Domain →

Scientists & Engineers

Population with college degrees, scientific or engineering degrees, and doctorates in S&E research domains.


All Degrees
Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2009
Total Population over 25 with College Degrees
Location All Degrees S&E Degrees S&E % Margin of
US 56,335,654 20,498,538 36.4% 0.1%
California 7,110,449 2,990,726 42.1% 0.3%
Future Scientists
High School Graduation Rates
US Total 80%
California 78%
Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate 2011-2012, Source US Department of Education
Map of College Degrees by State

Doctorate Degrees
Source: NSF, NIH, USED, USDA, NEH, NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2012.
Location US Rank Doctorate Degrees Granted % of US Total
US 51,008
California 1 6,043 12%
Doctorate Granting Institutions

Seven of the top 50 US doctorate-granting institutions are located in California. University of California Irvine granted 409. University of So. California granted 448. University of California San Diego granted 513. University of California Davis granted 553. UCLA granted 687. Stanford University granted 706. University of California Berkeley granted 864.


A look at the research focused institutions supporting the State's scientific presence.

Expenditures at California Higher Education R&D Institutions

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2012.
US Rank Institution All R&D Expenditures
  All institutions $65,774,524
5 University California, San Diego 1,073,864
6 University California, San Francisco 1,032,673
8 University California, Los Angeles 1,003,375
9 Stanford University 903,238
20 University California, Berkeley 730,348
21 University California, Davis 713,292
30 University Southern California 623,544
54 Scripps Research Institute 398,673
62 California Institute of Technology 365,243
67 University California, Irvine 350,030
91 University California, Santa Barbara 233,883
120 University California, Santa Cruz 155,516
127 University California, Riverside 135,494
130 Naval Postgraduate School 132,450
149 San Diego State University 92,867
176 University California, Office of the President 65,627
222 San Jose State University 34,727
236 Loma Linda University 31,772
238 San Francisco State University 30,291
239 California State University, Northridge 29,491
257 University California, Merced 22,656
259 California State University, Fullerton 22,222
267 Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science 20,580 0
284 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo 17,412
286 California State University, Long Beach 16,446
302 California State University, Sacramento 14,053
323 Claremont Graduate University 10,350
332 Humboldt State University 9,510
336 California State University, San Bernardino 9,303
349 California State University, Fresno 8,359
363 California State University, Los Angeles 7,192
372 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona 6,597
373 California State University, Monterey Bay 6,567
379 California State University, San Marcos 5,995
382 Loyola Marymount University 5,746
392 Claremont McKenna College 5,303
393 University of the Pacific 5,291
415 University San Francisco 4,301
418 University San Diego 4,275
429 Azusa Pacific University 3,673
440 Harvey Mudd College 3,512
447 Santa Clara University 3,329
449 Chapman University 3,314
453 Pomona College 3,259
462 Western University of Health Sciences 3,005
470 California State University, Dominguez Hills 2,894
475 California Maritime Academy 2,793
479 Mills College 2,747
490 Pepperdine University 2,571
493 California State University, Chico 2,492
542 California State University, Stanislaus 1,881
602 California State University, Bakersfield 1,241
614 California State University, East Bay 1,039
472 Bastyr University 2,844
537 Keck Graduate Institute 1,920
569 Occidental College 1,592
593 University Redlands 1,381
617 Scripps College 1,016
644 Alliant International University 732
  Totals — California $8,385,791

Follow the Money | How Money Was Allocated to California Institutions →

Federally Funded R&D Centers

Federally Funded R&D Centers (FFRDCs) located in California, the federal government department that sponsors the center, and information about their research spending.
FFRDC Sponsor Location All R&D Expenditures
All US FFRDCs     $17,446,036
Jet Propulsion Lab. NASA Pasadena 1,493,613
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. DOE Berkeley 767,554
SLAC National Accelerator Lab. DOE Stanford 329,747
Aerospace FFRDC DOD, Air Force El Segundo 39,746
Arroyo Ctr. DOD, Army Santa Monica 31,278
National Defense Research Institute DOD, OSD Santa Monica 53,832
Project Air Force DOD, Air Force Santa Monica 41,031
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. DOE Livermore 1,353,454
  All FFRDC Expenditures in California $4,110,255

Follow the Money | Spending By California Based FFRDCS →

Federal R&D Centers | US Master List →

Federal Laboratories

Source: Federal Lab Consortium
Agency Sponsor Lab
Dept. of Agriculture ARS - Pacific West Area
Dept. of Agriculture FS - San Dimas Technology and Development Center
Dept. of Commerce NOAA-Southwest Fisheries Science Center
Dept. of Defense Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center
Dept. of Defense Defense Microelectronics Activity
Dept. of Defense - Air Force Air Force Flight Test Center - Edwards AFB
Dept. of Defense - Army AMRDEC - Aeroflightdynamics Directorate
Dept. of Defense - Navy Fleet Readiness Center Southwest (FRCSW)
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Air Warfare Center - Weapons Division - China Lake and Pt. Mugu
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Facilities Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Health Research Center
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Medical Center - San Diego
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Postgraduate School
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Surface Warfare Center - Corona Division
Dept. of Defense - Navy Naval Surface Warfare Center - Port Hueneme Division
Dept. of Defense - Navy Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center - Pacific
Dept. of Energy Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Dept. of Energy NNSA - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Dept. of Energy Sandia National Laboratories - California
Dept. of Energy Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
Dept. of Energy UCLA - Laboratory of Structural Biology and Molecular Medicine
Dept. of Interior Biological Resources Discipline - Western Regional Office
Dept. of Interior California Water Science Center
NASA Ames Research Center
NASA Armstrong Flight Research Center
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Federal Laboratories | US Master List →

About Scientific Presence

Indicia of Economic Growth, New Corporate Outposts and New Markets
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Scientific presence is a holistic look at science and technology activity in a particular location. Way Better Patents™ combines its own custom patent and innovation analytics with authoritative information on R&D spending, demographic data, STEM education information, economic data, grant data, information on patent owners, and the presence of young companies, the engines of most new job creation, to create each Scientific Presence Profile.
Scientific Presence metrics, when combined with information about new patented inventions, presents a picture of emerging inventive and innovative trends, nascent market development, the depth of scientific activity in a location, the companies establishing outposts in new locations beyond their corporate headquarters, and how many people are participating in these activities.
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